تحلیل شبکۀ ارتباطی میان دستگاه‌های دولتی درگیر در مدیریت جنگل‌های حرای جزیرۀ قشم

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری بیابان‌زدایی، دانشکدة کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه هرمزگان، بندرعباس، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه بیابان‌زدایی، دانشکدة کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه هرمزگان، بندرعباس، ایران و دانشیار گروه جنگلداری، دانشکدة علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان، گرگان، ایران

3 استادیار گروه بیابان‌زدایی، دانشکدة کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه هرمزگان، بندرعباس، ایران

4 گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران. تهران.

چکیده

این مطالعه با هدف شناسایی و تحلیل مسائل مدیریتی مرتبط با جنگل‌های حرای جزیرۀ قشم انجام گرفته و به بررسی ارتباطات و همکاری‌های میان دستگاه‌های دولتی با استفاده از روش تحلیل شبکه‌ای پرداخته است. به‌منظور جمع‌آوری اطلاعات و داده‌های مرتبط با موضوع پژوهش، به دستگاه‌های اجرایی و جوامع محلی مرتبط در این خصوص مراجعه شد و از آنها خواسته شد دستگاه‌های دولتی درگیر در مدیریت جنگل‌های حرا را فهرست کنند. سپس پرسشنامۀ تحلیل شبکه‌ای براساس بررسی سه نوع شبکۀ ارتباطی (مراجعه، همکاری، اعتماد) میان دستگاه‌های دولتی درگیر در مدیریت جنگل‌های حرا تنظیم و توسط نمایندگان آنها تکمیل شد. داده‌ها پس از تکمیل و ورود به نرم‌افزار اکسل، برای تحلیل وارد نرم‌افزار UCINET6.718 شده و پس از تولید ماتریس تک‌وجهی، شاخص‌های کلان و خرد شبکه همچون تراکم و مرکزیت اندازه‌گیری شدند. نتایج تحلیل گراف‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار NetDraw نشان داد که همۀ شاخص‌های خرد و کلان در شبکۀ همکاری، بهتر از شبکۀ مراجعه و در شبکۀ اعتماد، بهتر از شبکۀ همکاری است. همچنین همکاری و مشارکت دستگاه‌های دولتی استانی در کنار مدیریت‌های زیرمجموعۀ سازمان منطقۀ آزاد قشم از دیگر قوت‌های این شبکه‌ها محسوب می‌شود که می‌توان از آنها برای گسترش پروژه‌های مشارکتی در مدیریت این جنگل‌ها با حضور جوامع محلی بهره برد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of communication network between government agencies involved in the management of Qeshm Island Hara forests

نویسندگان [English]

  • Z. Soleymani 1
  • H. Mohammadi Kangarani 2
  • M. Rezaee 3
  • M. Hosseinzadeh 4
1 Ph.D. Student. of Desertification, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Hormozgan, Bandarabbas, I. R. Iran
2 Associate Prof., Dept. of Desertification, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Hormozgan, Bandarabbas, I. R. Iran And Associate Prof., Dept. of Forestry, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan
3 Assistant Prof., Dept. of Desertification, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Hormozgan, Bandarabbas, I. R. Iran
4 Assistant Prof., Dept. of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, I.R. Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to identify and analyze the management issues related to the mangrove forests of Qeshm Island and to investigate the relationships and collaborations between government agencies using the network analysis method. In order to collect information and data related to the research topic, they referred to the relevant agencies and local communities in this regard and were asked to list the government agencies involved in the management of mangrove forests. Then, a network analysis questionnaire was prepared based on a review of three types of communication networks (referral, cooperation, trust) between government agencies involved in mangrove management and was completed by their representatives. After completing the data and entering them into Excel software, the data were entered into UCINET6.718 software for analysis and after generating a one-dimensional matrix, macro and micro indicators of the network such as density and centrality were measured. The results of graph analysis using NetDraw software showed that all micro and macro indicators in the cooperation network are better than the reference network and in the trust network are better than the cooperation network. Also, the cooperation and participation of provincial government agencies along with the sub-managements of the Qeshm Free Zone Organization are other strengths of these networks, which can be used to expand the participatory projects in the management of these forests with the participation of local communities.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • centrality
  • Density
  • Forest management
  • Participation
  • UCINET
Alibabaei, E., Ghorbani, M., Marvi Mohajer, M.R., & Avatefi Hemmat, M. (2017). Social monitoring: network analysis and social in sustainable forest resources management; case study: Kodir village, Kojur, Mazandaran Province. Forest and wood products of natural resoueces, 69(4), 657-665.
Bodin, O., & Prell, C. (2011). Social network in natural resources management. Cambridge University Press.
Ebrahimzadeh, M.A., Mohammadi Kangarani, H., Gholami, H., & Nikkhah, H. (2020). Applying Network Analysis Approach to Trust Network Evaluation in Hosein Abad, South Khorasan Carbon Sequestration Project. Journal of Forest, 12(1), 17-31.
Ghayoumi, R., Ebrahimi, E., Hosseini Tayefeh, F., & Keshtkar, M. (2019). Predicting the effects of climate change on the distribution of mangrove forests in Iran using the maximum entropy model. RS & GIS for Natural Resources, 10(2), 34-47.
Ghorbani, M., & Azadi, H. (2021). A social-relational approach for analyzing trust and collaboration networks as preconditions for rangeland comanagement. Rangeland Ecology & Management, 75, 170-184.
Ghorbani, M., Azarnivand, H., Mehrabi, A.A,. Bastani, S., Jafari, M., & Nayebi, H. (2013). Social network analysis: A new approach in policy-making and planning of natural resources co-management. Journal of Natural Environment, Journal of Natural Resource, 65(4), 553-568.
Hajebi, A.B.H., Moslehi, M., & Hassani, M. (2019). Investigation of growth and survival of Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh. and Rhizophora mucronata (Lam), seedlings in different density and distance planting in intertidal zone. Forest and Wood Product, 72(3), 183-191.
Hesam, M., & Negahban, S. (2020). Network Analysis Community Relations of Water Resources Beneficiaries In Order to Urban Optimize Management;Case Study: Palm Groves in the Eastern Part of the Fadami city – Darab- Fars). Human Geography Research, 52(2), 501-514.
Mafi Gholami, D., & Ward R. (2018). Assessment of the probability of occurence of multiple Environmrntal hazards in mangrove habitats using remote sensing and geographic information system. Journal of Environmental Studies, 44(3), 425-443.
Mashayekhi, Z., Sharzehi, G.A., Danehkar, A., & Majed, V. (2018). A comparison of stated preferences methods for economic valuation of ecosystem services; case study: Qeshm mangrove ecosystems. Environmental Sciences, 16(1), 68-88.
Mohammadi Kangarani, H., & Amiri Doumari, M. (2017). Identification and Analysis of Managerial Problems Relating Camel Driving in Hormozgan Province Using Network Analysis Approch. Applied Animal Science Reasearch Journal, 24(1), 35-44.
Mohammadi Kangarani, H., & Ghonchepour, D. (2013). Delineation and analysis of intra organizational formal and informal relationships through network analysis; Case study: Natural resources organization of Hormozgan province. Journal of Forest, 5(1), 43-53.
Mshale, B., Senga, M., & Mwangi, E. (2017). Governing mangroves: unique challenges for managing Tanzania's coastal forests.
Nourzad Moghaddam, M., Shamekhi, A., Fallah, A., & Avatefi Hemmat. (2018). Determining basic concepts to formulate the Hyrcanian forest policy. Journal of Forest, 10(3), 373-387.
Orchard, S.E., Stringer, L.C., & Quinn, C. H. (2015). Impacts of aquaculture on social networks in the mangrove systems of northern Vietnam. Ocean & Coastal Management114, 1-10.
Ramia, G., Patulny, R., Marston, G., & Cassells, K. (2018). The Relationship between Governance Networks and Social Networks: Progress, Problems and Prospects. Political Studies Review, 16(4), 331-341.
Salimi Kouchi, J., Salajegheh, A., Ghorbani, M., Malekian, A., & Rezaei A. (2018). Recognition of social powers and its relationship with the formation of cooperative behavior in conflict management of water resources in Doroudzan dam watershed, Fars province. Journal of Rural research, 9(3), 446-461.
Salimi Kouchi, J., & Ebrahimi, P. (2017). Network Analysis of Local Stakeholders and Social Cohesion in the Participatory Management of Water Resources; Case Study: Myanjangal Watershed, Fasa City. Watershed Management Science & Engineering, 11(37), 57-64.
Sarmin, N.S., Ismail, M.H., Zaki, P.H., & Awang, K.W. (2018). Local Community’s Perception of Mangrove Change Impact on Their Socioeconomic Condition in Johor, Malaysia. Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 187(1), 1-13.
Roudgarmi, P., & Amozadeh Mahdiraji, M.T. (2019). Challenges and Problems of Iran’s Laws and Regulations for the Preservation of Forests and Rangelands.  Journal of Forest, 11(1), 43-59.
Shirzadi Laskookalayeh, S., Amirnejad, H., & Hosseini, S. (2021). Investigating the Economic and Social Consequences of the Forest Logging Prohibition of Eastern Forests of Mazandaran Province. Ecology of Iranian Forests, 9(17), 219-227.
Soleymani, Z., Mohmmadi Kangarani, H., Rezaei, M., & Hosseinzadeh, M. (2021). Participatory management in desert ecosystems; study of cooperation network of public and governmental institutions in mangrove forests (Qeshm Island).  Range and Desert Research, 28(4), 787- 803.
Thompson, B.S., Primavera, J.H., & Friess, D.A. (2017). Governance and implementation challenges for mangrove forest Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES): Empirical evidence from the Philippines. Ecosystem services23, 146-155.
Vazirian, R., Karimian, A.A., Ghorbani, M., & Afshani S.A. (2020). Monitoring and analyzing social networks and identifying key actors for sustainable management of natural resources. Range and Desert Research, 28(1), 181- 194.
Zandian, F., Moradian, A., & Hassanzadeh, M. (2019). Analyzing Scientific Collaboration among Iranian Medical Researchers Using Social Network Indicators. Scientametrics Research Journal, 5(1), 98-116.
 
دوره 13، شماره 4
اسفند 1400
صفحه 409-424
  • تاریخ دریافت: 05 خرداد 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 28 مرداد 1400
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 27 شهریور 1400
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 اسفند 1400